How To Stay Injury Free With Running – Part 2 of 3

I hope you enjoyed Part 1 of this series about the most common injuries with running.  I know firsthand how pain can keep you from doing the activities you enjoy so Part 2 is all about how to resolve these common injuries and get rid of pain.  Below are some short term fixes to resolve pain.  Most of these injuries ultimately are due to muscle weakness or imbalances and also running mechanics.  In order to be completely painfree and continue running, it is best to address the root cause for your pain and that will be discussed in the last post of this series.

Knee Pain (Patellofemoral Pain):  Experiencing knee pain located in the front, center of the knee is one of the most common running injuries.  When experiencing these symptoms, begin icing after a run to decrease pain and inflammation.  Avoid running downhill during your runs to decrease the load on the knee.  Most people find that running uphill helps relieve their knee pain partially because it relies more on the glutes and also shortens your step length.  That in turn decreased joint forces at the knee which will decrease pain.  Another tactic you can try for a short-term fix on knee pain is using kinesiotape to promote improved patellar tracking.  Often times, the patella (knee cap) does not move as it should based on imbalances between muscular strength and tightness and this can lead to knee pain.  Here is a picture that shows a good way to tape the knee for this issue but if you have questions, feel free to reach out to us.

Plantar Fasciitis: This injury is often times due to poor support of the foot so it’s important to make sure you have a well-fitting pair of shoes that feel comfortable to you.  And also making sure that your shoes are not too old and/or have too many miles on them.  Runners World suggests putting 300-500 miles on your running shoes but I would also like to add that after about 6 months, the foam in your shoes begins to break down, regardless of mileage, and will not give as much cushioning.  When you are feeling pain in your arches or at your heel, try rolling your foot over a frozen water bottle to decrease pain and inflammation.  It’s also important to stretch the calves and also your plantar fascia.  You can stretch the plantar fascia pulling the toes back in order to tighten the fascia.  Massaging the fascia is also a great idea to loosen it up.  And like many of these injuries, it is best to decrease the amount of running and take some rest in order to let it heal and resolve it quicker.

Shin Splints:  This can be a tricky injury to resolve and it’s best to take a break from running when they first appear.  Shin splints are most commonly caused by increasing mileage too quickly so start slow!  If you are already experiencing these, ice the shins to decrease inflammation.  Having well-fitting shoes with adequate cushioning can also help.  Another thing you can do is use kinesiotape on the shin to decrease pain and inflammation.  See below for a picture of how to kinesiotape:

IT Band Syndrome:  Pain on the outside of the knee is often times due to irritation fromthe ITB.  The main cause of this injury is due to hip weakness and poor alignment during running.  We will talk about a more long-term solution in the next series, utilizing exercises to strengthen the hip musculature.  Short term, foam rolling along the ITB will help decrease pain and tightness.  Do this by lying on your side with the foam roller at the top of your hip.  Roll down towards your knee.

Stay tuned for Part 3 of this series where I will talk about how to prevent these injuries from returning once you are painfree.  Having a running analysis completed is a great way to address your specific issues and resolve them.  Check out our website at http://www.Fit-and-Toned.com to learn more about it.  If you have any questions, feel free to comment or email me at FitandTonedWI@gmail.com.

Read Part 1 here

Sources:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/~/media/kcms/gbs/patient%20consumer/images/2013/08/26/10/08/ds00508_im00939_r7_fasciitisthu_jpg.ashx

http://www.runnersworld.com/running-shoes/running-shoe-faq?page=single

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